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The Saigokukaido was the name used during the Edo Period for a section of the Sanyodo, a route that stretched from Kyoto to Shimonoseki. Since ancient times it has served as the main artery of travel for the west of Japan and became the foundation for the current National Route No. 2.
When Masanori Fukushima established Hiroshima Castle, the route was adjusted to pass through the castle town. It runs from the area around Hiroshima Station through to Hondori, Motoyasu-bashi Bridge and Peace Memorial Park, continuing out to Nishi-hiroshima Station.
The Saigokukaido’s main section was Hondori, which came to prosper as a commercial center featuring rows of many long-established stores. On the pavement of Hondori there are name plaques of the former towns that used to stand on the Saigokukaido, and you can get a feel for how the town used to be by taking a stroll down the street!